WOWSA 9.1 – The Referee shall optimally position himself in a water craft as close to the lead pack as safely possible. The Referee shall endeavor to be in a position visible to the athletes in the lead pack at all times. The Referee shall assign an Assistant Referee or other designee to oversee the following packs if the lead males and lead females have separated during the race.
WOWSA 9.2 – The Referee and his designees shall endeavor to ensure at all times that the rules of the event are compiled with at all times and violations being recorded in writing at the earliest opportunity.
WOWSA 9.3 – The Referee and his designees shall have the power to order an athlete from the water upon disqualification, imminent safety concerns (including darkness, lightning and marine life), or expiration of any time limit.
WOWSA 9.4 – The Referee and his designees shall ensure that athletes do not take unfair advantage or commit unsportsmanlike conduct on other athletes.
WOWSA 9.5 – The Referee and his designees shall be positioned so as to visually confirm the position and conduct of all athletes.
WOWSA 9.6 – The Referee and his designees shall record any infringement of the rules on the record sheets.
WOWSA 9.7 – The disqualification procedure shall be as follows:
WOWSA 9.7.1 – If in the Opinion of the Referee, any athlete, or athlete’s approved representative, or escort boat, takes advantage by committing any violation of the rules or by making intentional contact with any athlete, the following procedures shall apply:
WOWSA 9.7.2 – First Infringement: A yellow flag and a card bearing the athlete’s number shall be raised to indicate and to inform the athlete that he is in violation of the rules. It shall be the responsibility of the athlete to be aware of this action. The Referee shall hold up the card bearing the athlete’s number for at least 30 seconds near the proximity of the athlete.
WOWSA 9.7.3 – Second Infringement: A red flag and a card bearing the athlete’s number shall be raised by the Referee to indicate and to inform the athlete that he is for the second time in violation of the rules. The swimmer shall be immediately disqualified upon a second infringement. He must immediately leave the water and be placed in an escort boat, and take no further part in the race.
WOWSA 9.7.4 – If in the opinion of a Referee, an action of an athlete or an escort boat crew, or an athlete’s approved representative (e.g., coach or trainer or crew) is deemed to be unsporting, the Referee shall disqualify the athlete concerned. Unsporting can include punching, elbowing, pulling back another athlete, scratching, veering another athlete off-course or ignoring the Referee’s warnings.